New Technology

What new technology does is create new opportunities

Month: December 2016

Samsung Galaxy S6 Review: The iPhone 6 Has Met Its Match

samIn this unpredictable world, it’s the constants in life that I can count on.

The sun rises in the East, Starbucks lattes always taste the same, and Apple’s iPhones are always better than Samsung’s Galaxy phones.

Since the dawn of the smartphone wars, there have been basic truths about Samsungs: They’re made of flimsy plastic, their cameras can’t keep up with the iPhone’s, and their modified Android software is ugly and intolerably cluttered.

With the Galaxy S6 and S6 Edge, which arrive at U.S. carriers on April 10, none of that is true anymore. I am not afraid to say it: I love Samsung’s new phones, maybe even more than my own iPhone 6. Like a child who just found out that Santa isn’t real, I have spent the past week questioning everything I know.

OK, maybe that’s a bit dramatic for smartphones, but I’m serious about how drastic the change is. Samsung has taken direct aim at Apple’s smartphone, this time even seeming to copy some of the iPhone’s design and features.

No, neither of the new Galaxys brings any original ideas to the evolution of the smartphone. If anything, Samsung has actually sucked out the differentiators, including the waterproof design and removable storage and battery. And Samsung still needs some schooling in the software department.

Yet with a series of improvements, the Galaxy now has a leg up on the hardware of other Android phones and the iPhone. It’s got me, a once extremely satisfied iPhone 6 owner, wishing for a better screen, sharper camera and faster charging.

Designed by…Samsung?

One reason I probably like the new Galaxys so much—especially the white models I’ve been testing—is that the design looks like a compilation of the iPhone’s greatest hits.

The screen’s glossy frame, the metal edges and the silver trim surrounding the home button look so very similar to my iPhone 6. Both Samsung phones even measure just 0.27-inch thick—just like the iPhone 6. With the speaker strip and ports on the bottom edge, Samsung doesn’t even try to hide its similarities to Apple’s work.

The back of the phone looks nothing like the iPhone 6. Covered entirely in a reflective piece of durable Gorilla Glass, it’s more similar to, you guessed it, the back of the iPhone 4.

The Galaxy S6 is a stunning device that is as equally pleasing to hold as it is to look at. If you had told me a year ago I would use the word “stunning” to describe a Galaxy phone, I would have called you crazy

Here’s one thing my iPhone doesn’t have: a curved screen. The main difference between the S6 and the S6 Edge is that the Edge’s display slopes down on both sides. It also will cost you more—too much more. The 32GB version of the Galaxy S6 starts at $600 without a two-year contract (or about $25 a month with many of the carriers’ installment plans). The 32GB Edge starts around $700.

There is really no logical reason to buy the Edge. You can tap its side for notifications and other information when the main screen is off, but that wasn’t too helpful. Like with designer sunglasses, you’re mostly paying to look cooler.

Dream Screen, Fast Charging

Things appear even in the race with the iPhone, until you look at the Samsung phones’ 2560 x 1440-pixel, 5.1-inch screens, which have 577 pixels per inch, compared with the iPhone 6’s 4.7-inch display with 326 ppi. Translation: sharper photos, video and text. You can also see more on the screen, and using Samsung’s dual-app view, I find myself naturally putting two apps side by side.

ENLARGE Unlocking the screen is also much faster with the vastly improved fingerprint sensor embedded inside the home button. It actually felt a hair faster than Apple’s Touch ID, and not once did I encounter any error messages. (Later this year, the company plans to update the phone with its Samsung Pay software.)

Despite the higher-res screen, the Galaxy S6 gets slightly better battery life than the iPhone 6. All of these phones should make it through the day, no problem. However, in our grueling battery test, which cycles through a series of websites with brightness set at about 75%, the S6 lasted just over seven hours (a little less than the Galaxy S5). The iPhone 6 conked out after 6½ hours; so did the Galaxy S6 Edge.

And there’s no more swappable battery, though Samsung tries to make up for that with faster charging. I was able to get a 50% charge within 30 minutes. Samsung will also sell a $50 wireless charging pad, but it’s up to you if you want to wait the three hours it takes to charge up the phones.

A Camera Worth the Wait

I really suspected I was living in an alternate universe, though, when I saw that the new Galaxys took photos as well—in some cases, better—than the iPhone 6.

In indoor and outdoor shootouts, Samsung’s 16-megapixel camera (which protrudes like a blister from the phone’s back) captured crisper photos. In many cases, colors were more vibrant in iPhone photos, yet the Galaxy shots showed more detail.

Low-light shots were more mixed. In a dimly lit restaurant, the Galaxy’s photos picked up more details and looked sharper but had an orangish cast. While the iPhone’s shots were more washed out, the coloring was more accurate. The Galaxys also struggled to autofocus quickly in low-light environments.

The Galaxy S6 destroys HTC’s new One M9 and other flagship Android phones—not to mention all of its own predecessors—on photo quality.

The front-facing 5-megapixel selfie cam trumps the iPhone’s, too. And in case you don’t have a selfie stick handy, you can tap on the heart-rate sensor on the back of the phone to snap the photo.

But About That Software…

The user experience is where the Galaxy S6 still struggles against the iPhone and even Android phones, like the Moto X and Nexus 6.

To its credit, Samsung has swept a lot of its own software clutter under the rug, making its tweaks to Android 5.0 far more benign than they have ever been. The settings and camera menus no longer require a user manual to navigate. The Samsung-built email and calendar apps are also much cleaner, with a nice balance of white space on each of the screens. And rejoice! The dripping-water sound you’d hear when tapping the screen has mercifully been plugged.

None of those updates slow down the phone either. The octo-core processor and 3GB of RAM keep things running at record pace.

Samsung even tidied up many of its ugly app icons. Still, from the app tray to the pull-down notification menu, the styling of the operating system isn’t nearly as polished as stock Android 5.0. On top of that, Samsung’s keyboard seemed to hate my fingers, constantly inserting typos. A phone this beautiful deserves equally beautiful software

And Samsung continues to insist on having two browsers, two photo gallery apps and its own app store—not to mention filling the phone with extra widgets and apps.

That’s why, even though the Galaxy S6 and S6 Edge are in many ways more impressive pieces of hardware than my iPhone 6, I’m sticking with Apple.

Finally, smartphones are equal on both sides of the iOS/Android divide. That’s a great thing, but it means the decision now really comes down to your software platform of preference. Right now, I prefer Apple’s app selection and product ecosystem. That…and I’m still under a darned two-year contract.

But if yours is just coming up or you need a new phone, I’m finally recommending you check out a Samsung before you look at HTC or Motorola. These are the best phones Samsung has ever made and the best Android phones you can buy. Plus, every time I look at my iPhone, I wish it had a curved screen

How Samsung Became the World’s No. 1 Smartphone Maker

I’m in a black Mercedes-Benz (DAI:GR) van with three Samsung Electronics PR people heading toward Yongin, a city about 45 minutes south of Seoul. Yongin is South Korea’s Orlando: a nondescript, fast-growing city known for its tourist attractions, especially Everland Resort, the country’s largest theme park. But the van isn’t going to Everland. We’re headed to a far more profitable theme park: the Samsung Human Resources Development Center, where the theme just happens to be Samsung.

The complex’s formal name is Changjo Kwan, which translates as Creativity Institute. It’s a massive structure with a traditional Korean roof, set in parklike surroundings. In a breezeway, a map carved in stone tiles divides the earth into two categories: countries where Samsung conducts business, indicated by blue lights; and countries where Samsung will conduct business, indicated by red. The map is mostly blue. In the lobby, an engraving in Korean and English proclaims: “We will devote our human resources and technology to create superior products and services, thereby contributing to a better global society.” Another sign says in English: “Go! Go! Go

More than 50,000 employees pass through Changjo Kwan and its sister facilities in a given year. In sessions that last anywhere from a few days to several months, they are inculcated in all things Samsung: They learn about the three P’s (products, process, and people); they learn about “global management” so that Samsung can expand into new markets; some employees go through the exercise of making kimchi together, to learn about teamwork and Korean culture.

Video: Exclusive: What’s in Samsung’s Secret Sauce

They will stay in single or shared rooms, depending on seniority, on floors named and themed after artists. The Magritte floor has clouds on the carpet and upside-down table lamps on the ceiling. In a hallway, the recorded voice of a man speaking Korean comes over the loudspeakers. “Those are some remarks the chairman made some years ago,” a Samsung employee explains.

She’s referring to Lee Kun Hee, the 71-year-old chairman of Samsung Electronics, who declined to be interviewed for this article. Despite making headlines in 2008, when he was convicted of tax evasion, and 2009, when he was pardoned by South Korea’s president, he maintains a low profile. Except within Samsung, that is, where he’s omnipresent. It’s not just the slogans over the sound system; Samsung’s internal practices and external strategies—from how TVs are designed to the company’s philosophy of “perpetual crisis”—all spring from the codified teachings of the chairman

Since Lee took control of Samsung in 1987, sales have surged to $179 billion last year, making it the world’s largest electronics company by revenue. That makes Samsung Electronics the world’s largest electronics company by revenue. For all its global reach, though, the company remains opaque. We all know the story of Steve Jobs and Apple (AAPL), Akio Morita and Sony (SNE). But Samsung and Lee Kun Hee? People may bring up the South Korean government’s support of local champions and access to easy capital, but within the company it all goes back to Chairman Lee and the Frankfurt Room.

Story: The iPhone 5’s A6 Chip Could Be Apple’s Sweetest Revenge Against Samsung

It doesn’t look like much: early 1990s vintage décor and a large table with a fake flower centerpiece. But the Frankfurt Room is to Changjo Kwan as the Clementine Chapel is to St. Peter’s Basilica: an extra-special place inside an already special place. Photography is forbidden; people whisper when inside. It’s a meticulous recreation of the drab conference room in the German hotel where, in 1993, Chairman Lee gathered his lieutenants and laid out a plan to transform Samsung, then a second-tier TV manufacturer, into the biggest, most powerful electronics manufacturer on earth. It would require going from a high-volume, low-quality manufacturer to a high-quality one, even if that meant sacrificing sales. It would mean looking past the borders of South Korea and taking on the world.

Samsung is having a moment. It’s dominant in TVs and sells a lot of washing machines, but it’s smartphones that made Samsung as recognizable a presence around the world as Walt Disney (DIS) and Toyota Motor (TM). If Samsung isn’t yet as lustrous a brand as Apple, it’s finding success as the anti-Apple—Galaxy smartphones outsell iPhones. And Samsung is probably the only other company that can throw a product introduction and have people line up around a city block, as they did in New York City on March 14 for the launch of the Galaxy S 4. That never used to happen when Samsung unveiled a refrigerator—although the kimchi-specific models made for the Korean market are really quite impressive

HP Will Release a “Revolutionary” New Operating System in 2015

Hewlett-Packard will take a big step toward shaking up its own troubled business and the entire computing industry next year when it releases an operating system for an exotic new computer.

The company’s research division is working to create a computer HP calls The Machine. It is meant to be the first of a new dynasty of computers that are much more energy-efficient and powerful than current products. HP aims to achieve its goals primarily by using a new kind of computer memory instead of the two types that computers use today. The current approach originated in the 1940s, and the need to shuttle data back and forth between the two types of memory limits performance.

“A model from the beginning of computing has been reflected in everything since, and it is holding us back,” says Kirk Bresniker, chief architect for The Machine. The project is run inside HP Labs and accounts for three-quarters of the 200-person research staff. CEO Meg Whitman has expanded HP’s research spending in support of the project, says Bresniker, though he would not disclose the amount.

The Machine is designed to compete with the servers that run corporate networks and the services of Internet companies such as Google and Facebook. Bresniker says elements of its design could one day be adapted for smaller devices, too.

HP must still make significant progress in both software and hardware to make its new computer a reality. In particular, the company needs to perfect a new form of computer memory based on an electronic component called a memristor (see “Memristor Memory Readied for Production”).

A working prototype of The Machine should be ready by 2016, says Bresniker. However, he wants researchers and programmers to get familiar with how it will work well before then. His team aims to complete an operating system designed for The Machine, called Linux++, in June 2015. Software that emulates the hardware design of The Machine and other tools will be released so that programmers can test their code against the new operating system. Linux++ is intended to ultimately be replaced by an operating system designed from scratch for The Machine, which HP calls Carbon.

Programmers’ experiments with Linux++ will help people understand the project and aid HP’s progress, says Bresniker. He hopes to gain more clues about, for example, what types of software will benefit most from the new approach.

The main difference between The Machine and conventional computers is that HP’s design will use a single kind of memory for both temporary and long-term data storage. Existing computers store their operating systems, programs, and files on either a hard disk drive or a flash drive. To run a program or load a document, data must be retrieved from the hard drive and loaded into a form of memory, called RAM, that is much faster but can’t store data very densely or keep hold of it when the power is turned off.

HP plans to use a single kind of memory—in the form of memristors—for both long- and short-term data storage in The Machine. Not having to move data back and forth should deliver major power and time savings. Memristor memory also can retain data when powered off, should be faster than RAM, and promises to store more data than comparably sized hard drives today.

The Machine’s design includes other novel features such as optical fiber instead of copper wiring for moving data around. HP’s simulations suggest that a server built to The Machine’s blueprint could be six times more powerful than an equivalent conventional design, while using just 1.25 percent of the energy and being around 10 percent the size.

HP’s ideas are likely being closely watched by companies such as Google that rely on large numbers of computer servers and are eager for improvements in energy efficiency and computing power, says Umakishore Ramachandran, a professor at Georgia Tech. That said, a radical new design like that of The Machine will require new approaches to writing software, says Ramachandran.

There are other prospects for reinvention besides HP’s technology. Companies such as Google and Facebook have shown themselves to be capable of refining server designs. And other new forms of memory, all with the potential to make large-scale cloud services more efficient, are being tested by researchers and nearing commercialization (see “Denser, Faster Memory Challenges Both DRAM and Flash” and “A Preview of Future Disk Drives”).

“Right now it’s not clear what technology is going to become useful in a big way,” says Steven Swanson, an associate professor at the University of California, San Diego, who researches large-scale computer systems.

HP may also face skepticism because it has fallen behind its own timetable for getting memristor memory to market. When the company began working to commercialize the components, together with semiconductor manufacturer Hynix, in 2010, the first products were predicted for 2013 (see “Memristor Memory Readied for Production”).

Today, Bresniker says the first working chips won’t be sent to HP partners until 2016 at the earliest.

Exploding Samsung Galaxy phone leaves teenager with third degree burns and smelling like a ‘burnt pig’

A Swiss teenager suffered second and third degree burns when her smartphone apparently exploded in her pocket.

Fanny Schlatter, 18, was injured when the Samsung Galaxy S3 allegedly blew up in her trouser pocket.

She claims to have been left with no feeling in her right thigh and said she will be launching a criminal complaint against Samsung

French language paper Le Matin reported that Ms Schlatter was working as an painting apprentice when she heard a large bang.

She told the paper: ‘All of a sudden I heard the sound of an explosion – like a firecracker.

‘Then I noticed a strange chemical smell and my work trousers began to catch fire.’

By the time Ms Schlatter’s boss, Stephane Kubler, had come to her assistance, the flames had reached her shoulders.

She was rushed into the nearest bathroom where colleagues doused the flames before driving her to hospital.

Ms Schlatter explained: ‘Luckily my hair was tied up and my sweater didn’t have time to catch fire.’

However, she added that her burns were severe enough to make her smell like a ‘burnt pig’.

The burns have left Ms Schlatter with no feeling in her right thigh and the teenager has been signed off work until 15 August.

She now plans to file a legal complaint against the Korean phone maker.

In a statement, a Samsung spokesperson told the MailOnline: ‘Once we have gotten hold of the product in question, we will conduct a thorough examination to determine the exact cause of this incident.

‘We would like to assure our customers that we have always employed strict quality control and safety standards to ensure a safe and pleasant user experience.’

This is not the first time a Samsung Galaxy S3 battery has supposedly exploded.

In May this year, Reddit user Vizionx1208 posted pictures of his destroyed Samsung Galaxy S3 smartphone, claiming he was ‘awoken by a loud noise and a weird squeaking sound.’

He states the phone was on the verge of setting alight and his bedroom had filled with smoke and had a ‘pungent smell.

He was able to put out the smouldering phone by chucking a glass of water over it but the phone had already burnt his mattress cover and left a small burn on his finger.

Last year, an Irish Samsung S3 owner claimed his handset burst into flames as he was driving his car.

However, it was later discovered, following tests by the Fire Investigations UK (FIUK) team, that the phone had been previously placed in the microwave to remove water damage and this may have been the cause of the fire.

It isn’t just the S3 model that has this supposed fault either.

In South Korea in 2011, the battery from a Samsung Galaxy Note allegedly exploded in a man’s pocket as he walked along the street.

The explosion caused second degree burns and a one-inch wound to his thigh

It was the second time that year a battery from the Galaxy Note was said to have exploded in South Korea.

Elsewhere, a phone battery spontaneously caught fire in a man’s back pocket at the Defcon hacking conference in the U.S in 2010, and in 2009, a man was killed when his exploding phone severed his neck artery.

Last month, a fire in a Peterborough house was thought to have been caused by an exploding phone battery after a handset was left on charge overnight.

The fire crews did not release what make or model the battery came from but said damage was caused to the bedroom, where the phone was on charge, including the bed, furniture and serious smoke damage to the walls

Smart glasses offer users a keyboard to type text

K-Glass, smart glasses reinforced with augmented reality (AR) that were first developed by the Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology (KAIST) in 2014, with the second version released in 2015, is back with an even stronger model. The latest version, which KAIST researchers are calling K-Glass 3, allows users to text a message or type in key words for Internet surfing by offering a virtual keyboard for text and even one for a piano.

Currently, most wearable head-mounted displays (HMDs) suffer from a lack of rich user interfaces, short battery lives, and heavy weight. Some HMDs, such as Google Glass, use a touch panel and voice commands as an interface, but they are considered merely an extension of smartphones and are not optimized for wearable smart glasses. Recently, gaze recognition was proposed for HMDs including K-Glass 2, but gaze is insufficient to realize a natural user interface (UI) and experience (UX), such as user’s gesture recognition, due to its limited interactivity and lengthy gaze-calibration time, which can be up to several minutes.

As a solution, Professor Hoi-Jun Yoo and his team from the Electrical Engineering Department recently developed K-Glass 3 with a low-power natural UI and UX processor to enable convenient typing and screen pointing on HMDs with just bare hands. This processor is composed of a pre-processing core to implement stereo vision, seven deep-learning cores to accelerate real-time scene recognition within 33 milliseconds, and one rendering engine for the display.

The stereo-vision camera, located on the front of K-Glass 3, works in a manner similar to three dimension (3D) sensing in human vision. The camera’s two lenses, displayed horizontally from one another just like depth perception produced by left and right eyes, take pictures of the same objects or scenes and combine these two different images to extract spatial depth information, which is necessary to reconstruct 3D environments. The camera’s vision algorithm has an energy efficiency of 20 milliwatts on average, allowing it to operate in the Glass more than 24 hours without interruption.

The research team adopted deep-learning-multi core technology dedicated for mobile devices to recognize user’s gestures based on the depth information. This technology has greatly improved the Glass’s recognition accuracy with images and speech, while shortening the time needed to process and analyze data. In addition, the Glass’s multi-core processor is advanced enough to become idle when it detects no motion from users. Instead, it executes complex deep-learning algorithms with a minimal power to achieve high performance.

Professor Yoo said, “We have succeeded in fabricating a low-power multi-core processer that consumes only 126.1 milliwatts of power with a high efficiency rate. It is essential to develop a smaller, lighter, and low-power processor if we want to incorporate the widespread use of smart glasses and wearable devices into everyday life. K-Glass 3’s more intuitive UI and convenient UX permit users to enjoy enhanced AR experiences such as a keyboard or a better, more responsive mouse.”

Along with the research team, UX Factory, a Korean UI and UX developer, participated in the K-Glass 3 project.

These research results entitled “A 126.1mW Real-Time Natural UI/UX Processor with Embedded Deep-Learning Core for Low-Power Smart Glasses” (paper number 14.1, lead author: Seong-Wook Park, a doctoral student in the Electrical Engineering Department, KAIST) were presented at the 2016 IEEE (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers) International Solid-State Circuits Conference (ISSCC) that took place January 31-February 4, 2016 in San Francisco, California.

Apple Surpassed Samsung As Global Phone Market Leader, Says Report

For the fourth quarter of 2014, Apple AAPL -0.55% reported a record-breaking profit of $18 billion — which is the largest ever reported by a public company – while Samsung said its profits actually dropped 37% year-on-year. After those results, there was speculation that Apple had become the world’s largest smartphone manufacturer again. IT research firm Gartner is now claiming that Apple has narrowly surpassed Samsung in smartphone sales.

Apple sold 74.8 million iPhones compared to Samsung’s sales of 73 million smartphones in the fourth quarter of last year. This is a dramatic change from one year earlier when Samsung sold 83.3 million smartphones against Apple’s 50.2 million iPhone sales. Apple’s win over Samsung in Q4 2014 is the first time that the Cupertino giant sold the most number of smartphones globally since 2011. For Q4 2014, Apple hit 20.4% for the global smartphone marketshare, surpassing Samsung’s 19.9% share. Lenovo  took the third place spot through its sales of Lenovo and Motorola mobile phones for the fourth quarter of 2014. Lenovo hit a 6.6% market share, which is 47.6% growth year-over-year. Lenovo acquired Motorola’s mobile division in October 2014.

“Samsung’s performance in the smartphone market deteriorated further in the fourth quarter of 2014, when it lost nearly 10 percentage points in market share,” said Gartner’s principal research analyst Anshul Gupta in a company statement. “Samsung continues to struggle to control its falling smartphone share, which was at its highest in the third quarter of 2013. This downward trend shows that Samsung’s share of profitable premium smartphone users has come under significant pressure.” In a separate study, research firm Strategy Analytics claimed that Apple accounted for 89% of all smartphone profits for Q4 2014 at an estimated $18.8 billion compared to Android’s $2.4 billion. Samsung’s response to the iPhone 6 and the iPhone 6 Plus is the Galaxy S6 and the Galaxy S6 Edge, launching worldwide on April 10th — which should drive up the numbers for the Korean giant in 2015.

Chinese mobile company Xiaomi is nipping at the heels of the major smartphone players by offering high quality Android devices at a lower cost. Out of all of the global smartphone makers, Xiaomi saw the largest jump at triple its sales compared to a year ago. Xiaomi shipped 18.6 million smartphones in Q4 2014, behind Huawei’s 21 million and Lenovo’s 24 million.

Apple is currently dominating the premium phone market and Chinese mobile phone companies are offering quality devices in the lower cost market. This is causing Samsung to feel the pressure in both markets. Samsung has to stay innovative to maintain its strong marketshare, otherwise its profits will continue to drop. Gartner research director Roberta Cozza said that Samsung can secure its longer-term differentiation by offering a solid ecosystem of apps, content and services.

Even though Samsung suffered a loss during the fourth quarter of 2014, they still remained the largest smartphone vendor for the year. In 2014, Samsung shipped about 307.5 million smartphones while Apple shipped an estimated 191.4 million devices.

How many smartphones shipped around the world altogether in 2014? About 1.2 billion smartphones were shipped in 2014, up from 969.7 million in 2013. Statistically, every two out of three mobile phones that shipped last year were smartphones. Smartphones are simply becoming ubiquitous around the world and it will be interesting to see who comes out on top over the next few quarters.

Microsoft and Nokia complete mobile phone unit deal

yyMicrosoft has completed its purchase of Nokia’s mobile phone business for 5.44bn euros ($7.5bn; £4.5bn).

The deal between the two firms should have been completed earlier this year but it was delayed by a hold-up in regulatory approvals.

The sale will see the end of production of mobile phones by Nokia.

“Today we welcome the Nokia devices and services business to our family,” said Microsoft chief executive Satya Nadella.

“The mobile capabilities and assets they bring will advance our transformation.”

The Finnish company will now focus on networks, mapping services and technology development and licences.

Two Nokia plants will remain outside the deal – a manufacturing unit in Chennai, India, subject to an asset freeze by Indian tax authorities, and the Masan plant in South Korea, which it plans to shut down.

Former Nokia chief executive Stephen Elop has become executive vice president of the Microsoft devices group, in charge of Lumia smartphones and tablets, Nokia mobile phones, Xbox hardware, Microsoft Surface, and Perceptive Pixel (PPI) products

Nokia Microsoft mobile deal gets shareholder go ahead

Shareholders of the phonemaker Nokia have agreed to sell their mobile phone business to technology giant Microsoft for 5.4bn euros ($7.2 bn; £4.5bn).

The deal goes ahead despite objections from some investors who opposed the sale of a Finnish asset.

Regulators must clear the sale, but is expected to close early next year.

In September, Microsoft agreed to buy the mobile phone business and licence patents from Nokia.

Nokia has seen its share of the smartphone market shrink as competitors such as Apple and Samsung have risen in popularity.

‘Feels good’

Tuesday’s deal was approved by 99.5% of Nokia’s 3,900 investors at a meeting for shareholders in the Finnish capital of Helsinki.

At the five-hour-long shareholder meeting, Chairman Risto Siilasmaa said he believed the sale would “raise deep feelings” among Finns, who regard the phone company as a national success.

But one shareholder told the Reuters news agency he was happy with the vote.

“Now it feels good again. This is a really good result,” said Hannu Ryyppo. “It’s a new beginning for Nokia.”

When the sale was first announced, Nokia said it would also make changes to its leadership.

Stephen Elop, the former president chief executive of Nokia Corporation, was to step down and resign from the company’s board under the terms of the deal.

Nokia has faced criticism over the 18.8m euro pay-out Mr Elop is set to receive when he leaves the company. He is due to move over to Microsoft when the sale is completed.

Mr Elop left Microsoft to join Nokia in 2010, and has been cited by some as one of the frontrunners to replace Microsoft’s outgoing chief executive Steve Ballmer.

Mr Ballmer is expected to leave the company in 2014

ABOUT HANDPHONE

WHAT THE PURPOSE OF THE HAND PHONE ?

HistoryInventor of the first mobile phone system is Martin Cooper, a Motorola employee on April 3, 1973, although widely touted is the inventor of the cell phone of one of a team of Motorola division (division where Cooper worked) with the first model is the DynaTAC. Idea proposed by Cooper is a communication tool that is small and easy to carry travel flexibly.Cooper and his team faced the challenge of how to include all electronic material into such a small device for the first time. But eventually a first cell phone was successfully completed with a total weight of weighing two kilograms. To produce it, Motorola would cost the equivalent of U.S. $ 1 million. “In 1983, the portable cellular phone worth U.S. $ 4 thousand (Rp36 million) equivalent to U.S. $ 10 thousand (Rp90 million).After successfully producing mobile phones, the next biggest challenge is adapting infrastructure to support the mobile phone communication system by creating a network system that only requires 3 MHz spectrum, the equivalent of five TV channels are channeled to the whole world.Other figures are known to be very instrumental in the mobile communications world is Amos Joel Jr. who was born in Philadelphia, March 12, 1918, he was recognized worldwide as an expert in the field of switching. He received a bachelor’s degree (1940) and master’s (1942) in electronic engineering from MIT.

Not long after studies, he began his career over 43 years (from July 1940-March 1983) at the Bell Telephone Laboratories, where he received more than 70 U.S. patents in the field of telecommunications, particularly in the field of switching. Amos E Joel Jr., making the system connector (switching) from one area of ​​the cell phone to another cell area. Switching it should work when mobile users move or move from one cell to another cell so that the conversation is not interrupted. Because Joel Amos invention is the use of mobile phones to be comfortable.Functions and featuresIn addition to working to make and receive phone calls, the phone also has the function generally sending and receiving short messages (short message service, SMS). There is also a provider of mobile phone services in some countries that provide third generation (3G) services by adding videophone, as a means of payment, as well as for online television on their mobile phones. Now, mobile phones into multifunctional gadgets. Following the development of digital technology, now the phone is also equipped with a wide selection of features, such as can capture radio and television broadcasts, the software audio players (MP3) and video, digital camera, game, and internet services (WAP, GPRS, 3G). In addition to these features, the phone is now embedded computer features. So on the phone, people can change the function of the phone is a mini computer. In the business world, this feature is very helpful for business people to do all the work in one place and makes the job completed in a short time.Today, the role of mobile phones have become a necessity Everyday Primer, the following categories of mobile phones by Function:Business mobile phone type of this is aimed at people who want a business device in your hand, usually have a phone that has this capability quite smart phones “smartphones”. Beragai business applications contained in this phone and can make your office work can be seen and done in a mobile phone.Mobile Entertainment is a mobile phone type of multimedia manifold, where all activities related to music, art, photos, and other social can be fixed by a mobile phone. Many of these type of phone has its own variants, such as Mobile Music, Mobile Camera, Mobile Internet and Social.Fashion mobile phone type of this greater reliance on zoom, and can make its owner very satisfied though with features that impressed “potluck”. But behind it all, a Mobile Fashion can be worth many times the price of sophisticated mobile phones. Phones today can be found more valuable than the price of a vehicle even more expensive than the price of a house.Standard mobile phone type of this is intended for those who want a phone that is simple, features embedded in this phone is a core feature, no new technology is pinned.

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